Important Rand Related fiction—A Newbies' Guide

Landon Erp's picture
Submitted by Landon Erp on Sat, 2006-07-29 02:58

On the topic "Important Rand Scholarship—A Newbies' Guide" many people have questioned the merit of including such entries as Robert Heinlein's work. Conversely many people have not questioned the entries in the field of "Rand related fiction" just found Heinlein being the only entrant lacking.

Since I see this as important, though seperate from direct Rand scholarship, I'm going to attempt a somewhat comprehensive list right here.

Rand's own fiction is covered elsewhere so I'll begin with works and authors she admitted to getting a lot out of in such works as the "Romantic Manifesto" and "The Art of Fiction"

(most bibliography entries taken from wikipedia )

Victor Hugo

Published during Hugo's lifetime
Nouvelles Odes (1824)
Bug-Jargal (1826)
Han d'Islande (1823)
Odes et Ballades (1826)
Cromwell (1827)
Les Orientales (1829)
Le Dernier jour d'un condamné (1829)
Hernani (1830)
Notre-Dame de Paris (1831), (translated into English as The Hunchback of Notre Dame)
Marion Delorme (1831)
Les Feuilles d'automne (Autumn Leaves) (1831)
Le roi s'amuse (1832)
Lucrèce Borgia Lucrezia Borgia (1833)
Marie Tudor (1833)
Étude sur Mirabeau (1834)
Littérature et philosophie mêlées (1834)
Claude Gueux (1834)
Angelo (1835)
Les Chants du crépuscule (1835)
Les Voix intérieures (1837)
Ruy Blas (1838)
Les Rayons et les ombres (1840)
Le Rhin (1842)
Les Burgraves (1843)
Napoléon le Petit (1852)
Les Châtiments (1853)
Lettres à Louis Bonaparte (1855)
Les Contemplations (1856)
La Légende des siècles (1859)
Les Misérables (1862), (on which the very successful musical of the same name is based)
William Shakespeare (essay) (1864)
Les Chansons des rues et des bois (1865)
Les Travailleurs de la Mer (1866), (Toilers of the Sea)
Paris-Guide (1867)
L'Homme qui rit (1869), (The Man Who Laughs)
L'Année terrible (1872)
Quatre-vingt-treize (Ninety-Three) (1874)
Mes Fils (1874)
Actes et paroles — Avant l'exil (1875)
Actes et paroles - Pendant l'exil (1875)
Actes et paroles - Depuis l'exil (1876)
La Légende des Siècles 2e série (1877)
L'Art d'être grand-père (1877)
Histoire d'un crime 1re partie (1877)
Histoire d'un crime 2e partie (1878)
Le Pape (1878)
Religions et religion (1880)
L'Âne (1880)
Les Quatres vents de l'esprit (1881)
Torquemada (1882)
La Légende des siècles Tome III (1883)
L'Archipel de la Manche (1883)
[edit]
Published posthumously
Théâtre en liberté (1886)
La fin de Satan (1886)
Choses vues - 1re série (1887)
Toute la lyre (1888)
Alpes et Pyrénées (1890)
Dieu (1891)
France et Belgique (1892)
Toute la lyre - nouvelle série (1893)
Correspondances - Tome I (1896)
Correspondances - Tome II (1898)
Les années funestes (1898)
Choses vues - 2e série (1900)
Post-scriptum de ma vie (1901)
Dernière Gerbe (1902)
Mille francs de récompense (1934)
Océan. Tas de pierres (1942)
Pierres (1951)
Conversations with Eternity

Fydor Dostoyesky

Бедные люди (Poor Folk) (1846)
Двойник. Петербургская поэма (The Double: A Petersburg Poem) (1846)
Неточка Незванова (Netochka Nezvanova) (1849)
Село Степанчиково и его обитатели (The Village of Stepanchikovo or The Friend of the Family) (1859)
Униженные и оскорбленные (The Insulted and Humiliated) (1861)
Записки из мертвого дома (The House of the Dead) (1860)
Скверный анекдот (A Nasty Story) (1862)
Записки из подполья (Notes from Underground or Letters from the Underworld) (1864)
Преступление и наказание (Crime and Punishment) (1866)
Игрок (The Gambler) (1867)
Идиот (The Idiot) (1868)
Бесы (The Possessed or Demons or The Devils) (1872)
Подросток (The Raw Youth or The Adolescent) (1875)
A Gentle Creature (1876)
Братья Карамазовы (The Brothers Karamazov) (1880)

Mickey Spilanne

Mike Hammer
I, the Jury
Vengeance Is Mine
My Gun Is Quick
The Big Kill
One Lonely Night
Kiss Me, Deadly

other works
The Long Wait
The Deep.

special thanks for the listing on this one to Craig Creely, Jeff Riggenbach and everyone who posted on the Spillane thread (in reference to his recent death) which can be found elsewhere on this site.

From this discussion as well as Rand's references to the man she admired the morality of his work, his plot structures, and his descriptive style which was designed to stir emotions in the reader by exposing said reader to a list of concretes chosen for this specific purpose.

Ian Fleming

James Bond
Casino Royale 1953
Live and Let Die 1954
Moonraker 1955
Diamonds Are Forever 1956
From Russia with Love 1957
Dr. No 1958
Goldfinger 1959
For Your Eyes Only 1960
Thunderball 1961
The Spy Who Loved Me5 1962
On Her Majesty's Secret Service 1963
You Only Live Twice 1964
The Man with the Golden Gun 1965
Octopussy and The Living Daylights 1966

The film treatment of Fleming's James Bond character was a large part of the basis of the RM essay "Bootleg Romanticism." (one of my personal favorite Rand essays).

------------------------

Writers influenced by Rand

Steve Ditko

Most of what I have to say about this man was said here.

For now I'll give a breif listing of his more Objectivist centric works. I will list collected versions when they are available and will mark them with an *. All other entries are in reference to non-collected comic works over periods of individual issues.

Static*
The "Package" series* (which collects much of his charlton work whose ownership reverted to him when the company folded as well as his independant work)
The Mocker*
The Blue Beetle
Mysterious Suspense (featuring the Question)
Mr. A (as in A is A)
The Creeper
Shade the Changing Man
Spider-Man (most notably Essential Spider-Man Volume 2* which collects such stories as "The Master Planner Trilogy" and "Just a Guy Named Joe")
Hawk and Dove
Avenging World
Wha--?!

Robert Heinlein

Early Heinlein novels
For Us, The Living: A Comedy of Customs, 1939, published posthumously 2003
Beyond This Horizon, 1942
Rocket Ship Galileo, 1947
Space Cadet, 1948
Red Planet, 1949
Sixth Column, serialized 1941, book form 1949 (also published as The Day After Tomorrow)
Farmer in the Sky, 1950 (Retro Hugo Award, 1951)
Between Planets, 1951
The Puppet Masters, 1951, re-published posthumously with expanded ending, 1990
The Rolling Stones aka Space Family Stone, 1952
Starman Jones, 1953
The Star Beast, 1954
Tunnel in the Sky, 1955
Revolt in 2100, 1955
Variable Star, posthumously with Spider Robinson (1955, 2006)
Double Star, 1956 (Hugo Award, 1956)
Time for the Stars, 1956
Citizen of the Galaxy, 1957
The Door into Summer, 1957
Have Space Suit—Will Travel, 1958
Methuselah's Children, 1958 (originally a serialized short story in 1941)
Starship Troopers, 1959 (Hugo Award, 1960)

Mature Heinlein novels
Stranger in a Strange Land, 1961 (Hugo Award, 1962), republished at the original greater length in 1991
Podkayne of Mars, 1963
Glory Road, 1963
Farnham's Freehold, 1965
The Moon Is a Harsh Mistress, 1966 (Hugo Award, 1967)
I Will Fear No Evil, 1970
Time Enough for Love, 1973

Late Heinlein novels
The Number of the Beast, 1980
Friday, 1982
Job: A Comedy of Justice, 1984
The Cat Who Walks Through Walls, 1985
To Sail Beyond the Sunset, 1987

Terry Goodkind

Sword of Truth series

Book 1: Wizard's First Rule
Book 2: Stone of Tears
Book 3: Blood of the Fold
Book 4: Temple of the Winds
Book 5: Soul of the Fire
Book 6: Faith of the Fallen
Book 7: The Pillars of Creation
Book 8: Naked Empire
Book 9: Chainfire
Book 10: Phantom

Frank Miller

Though not an Objectivist he is an avowed romantic whose notable influences include Will Eisner, Mickey Spillane, Steve Ditko and Ayn Rand. (All works listed are collected and listed by the name of collection)

Daredevil
Daredevil Visionaries Volume 1-3
The Man Without Fear
Born Again (his personal best)
Love and War
Elektra: Assassain

Batman

The Dark Knight Returns
Year One
Dark Knight Strikes again

Sin City

The Hard Goodbye
A Dame to Kill For
That Yellow Bastard
The Big Fat Kill
Family Values
Booze, Broads, and Bullets
To Hell and Back

Martha Washington

(notable as an admitted "loose adaptation of Atlas Shrugged")

Give Me Liberty
Goes to War

Other notable works

Ronin
300
Hard Boiled
Big Guy and Rusty the Boy Robot

Bosch Fawstin

Novice cartoonist with one graphic novel under his belt and another in the process of development. Notable influences Alex Toth, Will Eisner, Frank Miller and Ayn Rand.

A Table for One
The Infidel (in development)

I'm sure there are many I missed, such as Batton Lash or Casey Fahy, but I think this is a good start which can be built from.

---Landon


( categories: )

Great List

Gordon Butler's picture

This is a great list of writings in the romantic tradition. Thanks for listing it. I recognize Hugo as a brilliant writer, but I don't like him because he's too liberal. Mickey Spillane's my type of guy. I'll check out the Spillane thread later.

Sic Semper Tyrannis

Fydor Dostoyesky

Sandi's picture

Fydor Dostoyesky, whew he was such a heavy read. I remember about a decade ago, getting amazing muscle definition, just holding up the book to turn a page. Anyhow.....a few years later

A really nice moment happened to me, during one of my trips to Russia. Wandering (as you do) around the streets of St Petersburg, stopping for a cigarette and a chat with my other half. I just happened to glance around and wouldn't ya know it. There was a plaque and we were standing at the front of his house/apartment. Wow, It was an incredible moment for me. I mean to say that when reading his work, which was just so remote from my life and to actually be there, where he lived and the surroundings that inspired him. Geesh.

Ah the magic of travel.

Duplicate...

AdamReed's picture

deleted.

Writers who influenced Rand

AdamReed's picture

I'm surprised by the omission of Sienkiewicz (from whom Rand learned plot and plot-theme integration) and Akhmatova (similarly, for imagery.)

No.

Peter Cresswell's picture

No, I meant to write exactly what I wrote.

Read the Declaratoion again. Those thinkers meant every word of it.

Don't you actually mean...

Marcus's picture

that Americans were "...removing the [potential] tyranny and usurpations of the British King"?

Seems as if colonial British Americans were as politically and economically free as, for example, people in colonial Hong Kong.

"Even without partial or disinterested law officers, Americans in 1774 enjoyed considerable political freedom. Their press was unfettered so ideas could be freely expressed and circulated; Americans could travel where they wished, and hold public meetings whenever and wherever they chose. It was therefore easy for the agencies of the Congress to consolidate and organize the committed."

Revolution

Peter Cresswell's picture

Hence the Founding Fathers' idea of the Revolution: not primarily that it overthrew tyranny, but that by removing the tyranny and usurpations of the British King it returned the liberties of free men, and thus returned things to their proper state.

That view of Revolution is rather different to the contemporary view, and more in tune with the word's etymology.

Thanks for the support James

Marcus's picture

Some Americans just seem to want to villify the British - even though the majority of US Americans at that time were British born and bred. Bizarre!!!

Actually...I have just read something quite interesting...in regard to the British view of the war at the time (not often heard in Hollywood).

From "The Rise and Fall of the British Empire", by Lawrence James.

"The prospect of a war with the Americans was greeted with dismay and disbelief inside Britain. Many agreed with the poet Cowper, who thought Britain and America were 'one country', which made the imminent conflict a civil war...Chatham (a British parliamentarian at the time) praised the Americans as 'men prizing and setting the just value on the inestimable blessing liberty'."

"Pre-war predictions that the British empire would not survive the loss of the American colonies proved false...the new republic could not survive economically without Britain...the volume of Anglo-American trade actually increased after 1783...The continuance and growth of Anglo-American commerce after 1783 gave the lie to the old mercantilist justification of colonies as exclusive markets, protected and controlled in the economic interests of the mother country. The intellectual props which supported this contention had been knocked away in 1776 with publication of Adam Smith's [he was British] 'The Wealth of Nations', which went through five editions before the author's death in 1790...According to Smith, colonies were redundant. The apparatus of state control over their trade was an encumbrance to commerce which interfered with natural market forces and raised prices...This was proved beyond question by the growth of non-colonial trade during the 1790's, in particular with America and Europe...British Whigs and Radicals accepted that there was no moral or political reasons to prevent the Americans from choosing to go their own way, even if it meant independence. In practical terms, it was ridiculous to spend large sums of money to hold down the colonies and, at the same time allege that they were a vital source of national wealth. If there was any imperial bonds between Britain and the colonists they were, as many Americans pointed out, those of shared beliefs in personal liberty and representative institutions."

Yep

James S. Valliant's picture

In the context of the rights of native Englishmen, since about the 13th century, taxation without representation was "tyranny." The Founders of America were English lawyers who knew their rights were being stomped on.

No, Marcus, this does not mean that British Imperialism wasn't the best damn thing -- almost -- that ever happened to the world.

In all subjects historical, these are the words to keep in mind: "Compared to what?"

Does that constitute a tyranny?

Marcus's picture

"However, that doesn't justify whitewashing the very real and ever-growing evils of the British Empire against which the American revolutionaries fought."

What happened to those "evils"? Did they not result in a British industrial revolution?

I believe that taxes were actually higher in the US after the British left. And they did withdraw remember? The British must have been quite civilized tyrants.

You are correct though. I do need to read up more on this subject, and there is a non-PC book on the history of the British Empire just waiting to be read that I am going to get a hold of now.

American History

DianaHsieh's picture

Marcus, you said: "So, in this case the British authorities in the US made a mistake."

I think you need to be a bit more clear about American history before you make claims like that. The British Parliament -- NOT just "British authorities in the US" -- was deliberately pursuing a set of policies designed to subdue the colonies -- and (as per mercantilism) extract wealth from them. Some of colonists, unlike present-day Americans, were able to think in principles -- and see that accepting the fairly minor impositions of the British would be granting Britian the authority to do as they pleased in the colonies. And they also knew that that recognition of authority was precisely what Britain wanted.

GB might have been the best empire of the Europeans -- and America should be grateful for the ideas and institutions they implanted. However, that doesn't justify whitewashing the very real and ever-growing evils of the British Empire against which the American revolutionaries fought.

-- Diana Hsieh
diana@dianahsieh.com
NoodleFood

Hmmmm....

Marcus's picture

...thanks for that.

But it does not seem to me that this statement is saying that the British Empire was a tyranny, but that it was heading towards one specifically in the US.

So, in this case the British authorities in the US made a mistake.

tyranny

User hidden's picture

"The history of the present King of Great Britain is a history of repeated injuries and usurpations, all having in direct object the establishment of an absolute Tyranny over these States."

I found this one immediately by skimming the Declaration of Independence, and it is moderate in comparison to the writings of Sam Adams or Thomas Paine. I think you would find the word tyranny, and there are certainly more examples of them using other words and describing conditions that imply tyranny. I hope some others who are better read in American history than I am will chime in.

Kelly

Do you have any quotes...

Marcus's picture

...from the "founding fathers" calling the British Empire a tyranny?

I have not read much in this area, but I haven't found any.

Marcus

User hidden's picture

Doesn't that pretty much knock all the founding fathers of America off your reading list? That would be quite a loss.

Kelly

Sparrowhawk

Marcus's picture

I looked at:

www.edwardcline.com

And I refuse to read anything that describes the British Empire as a "tyranny"!!!

RE: Sparrowhawk

Peter Cresswell's picture

"Everyone must read the series. It is enchanting and inspiring."

Yes, it is!

This recommendation isn't

User hidden's picture

This recommendation isn't Rand related at all, but I think the themes and characters are usually very objective, and I find Objectivists often enjoy it. Jane Austen. I'd start with Pride and Prejudice, as it is more accessible than the others, and very enjoyable. I may have done a theme breakdown of her best novels before on SOLO, but here they are. I always want Objectivists to know how objective Austen's themes were. (Purists on literary criticism, please note that these are not real themes, just summaries of the basic ideas. No flaming.) Plus she writes some of the best social satire there is.

Pride and Prejudice - - Look at reality rather than preconceived notions.

Sense and Sensibility -- Neither emotion without reason or reason without emotion is healthy. Both are required for a happy life.

Persuasion - - Listen to your own judgement if you want to be happy.

Emma - - Mind your own business; you probably have enough to do running your own life. Also, judge people based on merit rather than social status.

Kelly

At least 5

Landon Erp's picture

I knew I'd wind up forgeting a lot if I tried this, and I've seen at least 5 writers I should've mentioned (as in I knew them and simply forgot).

But I'm glad people are digging the list and filling in the gaps.

---Landon

Inking is sexy.

http://www.angelfire.com/comics/wickedlakes

Rostand? Schiller? Dumas?

Thomas Lee's picture

Rostand? Schiller? Dumas? Quo Vadis? Mysterious Valley? Agatha Christie? O. Henry? Sinclair Lewis? The Hardy Boys? (Okay, I just made that one up.) I'm sure I'm missing a bunch!

Terence Rattigan

Bob Palin's picture

Rand was also a fan of the brilliant playwright/screenwriter Terence Rattigan. His The Winslow Boy is wonderful.

Great list, Landon.

Dagny's right.

Ross Elliot's picture

Sparrowhawk

Marnee's picture

At the risk of sounding like a broken record, Sparrowhawk is wonderful and perfectly inline with Objectivism, Ed Cline being an Objectivist and associated with the Ayn Rand Institute.

Everyone must read the series. It is enchanting and inspiring.

www.edwardcline.com

And his other novels are excellent as well. I enjoyed First Prize and am working on Whisper the Guns....

Thoughts

JoeM's picture

I remember the accusations about Rand not giving "props" to her influences, but the reader who pays attention will find them easily enough. And I don't think she can be seriously faulted for not wanting to give "sanction" to influences she didn't like. If you read the ROMANTIC MANIFESTO, she discusses all the "inbetween" influences of mixed premises that she drew some value from but not enough to warrant a full sanction. You couldn't realistically expect her to list every little bit of influence in her ideas, and I don't think she was very interested in "deconstruction." Also, there may be influences that were too personal for her to advertise. Leo? (Barbara Branden had said something similar on the old Solo about her own hesitance to make suggestions based on that very idea, that they were too personal for her.) Personally, I'd love to see a full list of influences, I believe she was fond of Oscar Wilde, and I'd love to have known where she picked up her information on the Greek gods, such as Prometheus and Atlas. Edith Hamilton? Eye Ce la vie. Be thankful for what we've got.

Question for anyone who may know: was Heinlein's FOR US, THE LIVING a play on WE THE LIVING?

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